‘Dharma’ Against the State: Freedom of Speech or a Question on the Writ of the State

English Essays for CSS & PMS

‘Dharma’ Against the State: Freedom of Speech or a Question on the Writ of the State


Unleashing the power of words has long been considered a cornerstone of freedom. The ability to express our thoughts, ideas, and opinions is a fundamental right and an essential element in shaping societies. However, what happens when this liberty clashes with the very fabric of governance? In the case of ‘dharnas’ – protests that challenge the state’s authority – we find ourselves at a unique crossroads between freedom of speech and the question of the state’s writ. This blog delves into this complex problem, exploring how these acts can empower individuals and undermine societal structures. Join us as we unravel this intricate web where rights collide, and responsibilities tremble! So grab your thinking caps, folks; it’s time to dive deep into this thought-provoking debate surrounding dharnas, freedom of speech, and the delicate balance between individual expression and state authority. Let’s begin!

The state of nature and need for social contract

In the state of nature, where individuals exist without a defined authority, life can be chaotic and unpredictable. It is a realm where might often triumph over right, and conflicts arise from conflicting interests. To overcome this inherent disorder, societies have developed the concept of a social contract – an agreement between citizens and their governing bodies.

The social contract is the foundation upon which states are built. It establishes rules, laws, and institutions that safeguard individual rights while maintaining order. This mutual understanding between citizens and their government ensures that everyone benefits from collective security and stability.

Without this social contract, chaos would ensue as individuals pursue their self-interest without regard for others. The absence of a cohesive framework would lead to anarchy, jeopardizing personal safety and impeding progress and development.

By willingly entering into this social contract with the state, individuals agree to relinquish certain freedoms in exchange for protection and governance. This trade-off allows for the establishment of societal norms, justice systems, infrastructure development, and public services – all essential components for a functional society.

It is through this pact that citizens empower governments to exercise authority on their behalf – upholding law and order while ensuring equal treatment under the legal system. In return for surrendering some liberties to govern collectively rather than individually fending off threats or seeking retribution themselves!

The need for a social contract becomes evident when examining alternative scenarios where its absence leads to turmoil: clashes between different factions vying for power; violence erupting due to unresolved disputes; rampant injustice with no mechanism in place to address grievances effectively.

In essence, ‘dharnas’ against the state question not just specific policies or actions but also challenge the very existence of this vital compact between citizenry & governing entities! By disrupting normal functioning processes such as executive decisions or judicial proceedings, dharnas attempt to destabilize institutions, prompting questions about legitimacy & undermining public confidence in the rule of law. It is crucial to navigate this delicate balance between freedom

Forfeiting a writ by shirking on obligation

Forfeiting a writ by cheating on the obligation is like pulling the rug from under the feet of the state. It’s a breach of trust, a disregard for the social contract that binds us together as citizens. When individuals or groups decide to neglect their responsibilities and refuse to fulfill their obligations, it creates a ripple effect that paralyzes the entire state machinery.

The executive branch, responsible for implementing policies and ensuring law and order, is left powerless when people choose not to follow their directives. This undermines their authority and hampers their ability to carry out their duties effectively.

Similarly, the judiciary suffers when individuals fail to adhere to legal processes and due diligence. Public confidence in the judiciary erodes, reducing institutional independence and fairness in decision-making.

When there is no respect for the state’s writ, civilian life comes to a grinding halt. Other fundamental rights are infringed upon as chaos ensues. The right to life, liberty, and property all come under threat when people take matters into their own hands instead of relying on established systems.

Moreover, this behavior calls for mutiny, vigilantism, and even assassination to seek justice outside of proper channels. Mimicking policy framers or opinion leaders without accountability can lead society down dangerous paths where mob justice reigns supreme.

Such actions also tarnish the image of the state itself by making it appear susceptible and vulnerable. It becomes challenging for authorities to maintain law and order if they are perceived as weak or ineffective.

Forfeiting a writ by shirking on obligation undermines the rule of law and defeats freedom of speech. True freedom lies in constructive dialogue within an established framework rather than resorting to disruptive tactics that disrupt public discourse.

In conclusion (not concluding), it’s crucial that we recognize our role as responsible citizens in upholding our obligations towards society while promoting genuine freedom of speech within legal bounds. By doing so, we reinforce the writ of the state and ensure a harmonious

Dharma’ Question on the Writ of the State as it

Paralyzes the state machinery

Paralyzing the state machinery is one of the grave consequences that arise when individuals take part in acts like ‘dharna’ which challenge the writ of the state. When people gather in large numbers, blocking roads and disrupting public services, it hampers the functioning of government institutions and agencies responsible for implementing policies and laws.

The executive branch, tasked with carrying out day-to-day administrative functions, faces severe hurdles when its ability to operate smoothly is obstructed. This can lead to delays in decision-making processes, hindering progress and development initiatives that are crucial for a well-functioning society.

Furthermore, such disruptions also have a direct impact on the judiciary. The inability to access courthouses or hold fair trials due to these protests undermines public confidence in our justice system. It erodes trust and reduces institutional independence as judges may feel intimidated or pressured by mob mentality rather than upholding their duty to impartially interpret and apply the law.

Moreover, paralyzing state machinery not only infringes upon other fundamental rights but also brings civilian life to a halt. Access to basic public services such as healthcare, education, transportation becomes severely impacted during such protests. Innocent citizens suffer from these disruptions as they struggle with limited access to essential resources needed for their daily lives.

Additionally, this kind of disruptive behavior encourages calls for mutiny and vigilantism among disgruntled individuals who believe they can take matters into their own hands instead of relying on established legal procedures. It imitates policy framers, law makers, opinion leaders without any accountability or democratic process involved.

Paralyzing state machinery tarnishes the image of our state itself by making it appear susceptible and vulnerable. These actions create an environment where mob justice prevails over rule of law – a foundation that ensures fairness and equality for all citizens.

It is important to recognize that freedom of speech should not be abused by engaging in hate speech or inciting violence against others.

This defeats the very purpose of freedom of speech, which is to promote dialogue, understanding

Prevents the function of the executive

The function of the executive branch is vital for the smooth operation of any state. It is responsible for implementing and enforcing laws, managing government agencies, and making crucial decisions that affect the entire nation. However, when individuals take part in activities like ‘dharna’ or protest movements that disrupt the normal functioning of society, it directly hampers the ability of the executive to carry out its duties.

By blocking roads, occupying public spaces, and causing general chaos through protests or sit-ins, these actions prevent government officials from effectively doing their jobs. This obstructs essential services such as transportation systems, law enforcement operations, and administrative functions. The result? A breakdown in governance that negatively impacts citizens who rely on these services.

Moreover, when the executive branch is unable to fulfill its responsibilities due to such disruptions, it weakens public confidence in both government institutions and democratic processes. Citizens begin questioning whether their elected representatives are capable of maintaining law and order or providing basic amenities.

In addition to hindering day-to-day operations within the state machinery itself, these acts also send a message that certain groups can bypass established legal channels by taking matters into their own hands. This undermines not only governmental authority but also erodes trust in established procedures for addressing grievances.

Preventing the function of the executive through disruptive protests jeopardizes not only social stability but also individual rights and freedoms. When people’s lives are disrupted by prolonged dharnas or demonstrations – be it limited access to healthcare facilities or inability to carry out daily routines – other fundamental rights are infringed upon as well.

While freedom of speech is a constitutional right that should be upheld at all costs – ensuring open dialogue where ideas can flourish – there needs to be a balance between expression and maintaining order within society. Disruptive actions like ‘dharna’, which prevent proper functioning of state mechanisms including those executed by executives tasked with governing effectively compromise this balance.

It is imperative for citizens who wish to express their grievances or make their voices heard to find alternative means that do not

Undermines the judiciary, eroding public confidence, reducing institutional independence and handing due process

The judiciary is a pillar of any democratic society, tasked with upholding the rule of law and ensuring justice for all. However, when individuals or groups take to the streets in protest and resort to methods such as dharnas, it can undermine the authority and independence of the judiciary.

By bypassing established legal processes and taking matters into their own hands, those participating in dharnas erode public confidence in the judicial system. This erosion occurs because people begin to question whether justice will be served objectively and fairly if decisions are influenced by protests rather than legal principles.

Furthermore, when protesters demand specific outcomes or interfere with ongoing court cases through their demonstrations, they reduce institutional independence within the judiciary. Judges may feel pressured to succumb to public opinion rather than applying impartial judgment based on evidence and legal precedent.

Handing due process over to mob rule not only undermines the credibility of individual court cases but also sets a dangerous precedent for future decision-making processes. It establishes a notion that circumventing proper channels is an acceptable means to achieve one’s desired outcome – an approach that undermines both fairness and justice.

In essence, while freedom of speech is a fundamental right that should be protected, it must also operate within boundaries that respect institutions like the judiciary. Dharnas may serve as platforms for expression but should not become tools that disrupt due process or undermine public trust in our judicial system.

Brings civilian life to a halt-infringing upon other fundamental rights

Brings civilian life to a halt, infringing upon other fundamental rights. This is the dangerous repercussion of ‘dharnas’ or protests that go beyond the boundaries of peaceful expression. While freedom of speech is a vital aspect of a democratic society, it should not come at the cost of impeding the normal functioning of daily life.

When protesters occupy public spaces for long durations, they disrupt essential services and obstruct the movement of people. This disruption can have severe consequences for citizens who rely on these services for their livelihoods or access to healthcare and education. The right to protest should never supersede an individual’s right to basic necessities.

Moreover, when protests turn violent or lead to vandalism and destruction, they directly violate other fundamental rights such as safety and security. Innocent bystanders are often caught in the crossfire, facing physical harm or property damage. It is crucial to remember that one person’s exercise of free speech should not trample upon another person’s well-being.

Infringement on other fundamental rights also extends beyond physical harm. When protests paralyze cities and shut down businesses, it impacts economic activities and leads to financial losses for individuals and communities. People lose jobs, incomes shrink, and overall development takes a hit – all because civil society grinds to a halt during prolonged demonstrations.

Furthermore, disruptions caused by dharnas undermine equality before law by disrupting court proceedings and delaying justice delivery systems. With judges unable to reach courts due to blocked roads or crowded premises, cases get postponed indefinitely while litigants suffer from extended legal battles.

The purposeful obstruction caused by unruly protests erodes public confidence in institutions like law enforcement agencies and government bodies tasked with maintaining order. When citizens witness authorities being helpless against mob rule or failing in their duty due to external pressures exerted through dharnas, trust in those institutions wanes significantly.

To maintain social harmony while safeguarding freedom of speech requires finding alternative ways to express dissent that do not bring civilian life to a halt. Peaceful

Calls for mutiny, vigilantism and assassination 6. Imitates policy framers, law makers and opinion leaders

Calls for mutiny, vigilantism, and assassination are not just empty words thrown around in the realm of freedom of speech. They have the potential to incite violence, disrupt social order, and challenge the very foundations on which a state is built. When individuals advocate for these extreme measures as a means to address their grievances or dissent against the state, they are essentially imitating policy framers, law makers, and opinion leaders.

By resorting to such tactics, they undermine the authority and legitimacy of established institutions that are responsible for governing society. This imitation not only erodes public confidence in these institutions but also diminishes their independence and ability to uphold due process.

Moreover, calls for mutiny and vigilantism can lead to chaos and anarchy by encouraging ordinary citizens to take justice into their own hands. This undermines the rule of law and creates a dangerous environment where mob justice prevails over fair legal proceedings.

Furthermore, advocating for assassination as a form of protest goes beyond mere expression of dissent. It crosses ethical boundaries by promoting violence as a solution instead of engaging in peaceful dialogue or working within existing democratic frameworks.

When these extreme actions are taken under the guise of freedom of speech, it defeats its purpose altogether. Freedom of speech should be exercised responsibly with respect for others’ rights and without inciting violence or harm towards individuals or society at large.

In conclusion,while freedom of speech is indeed crucial in any democratic society,it must be balanced with accountability
and respect for the writ of the state. Advocating for mutiny, vigilantism, and assassination undermines the very fabric of governance and poses significant risks to societal harmony. It is essential that we promote constructive dialogue and peaceful means of expressing dissent, ensuring that our voices are heard within legal boundaries.

Taints image of state, making it appears susceptible and vulnerable

The image of the state plays a vital role in maintaining public trust and confidence. When that image is tainted, it can make the state appear susceptible and vulnerable to outside influences. This not only undermines its authority but also weakens its ability to effectively govern.

A tarnished image creates an environment where doubts and suspicions about the state’s intentions arise. People start questioning the legitimacy of its actions and lose faith in its ability to protect their rights and interests.

Moreover, a perceived vulnerability makes the state an easy target for external forces seeking to manipulate or exploit it for their own gains. It opens doors for interference from hostile entities, compromises national security, and erodes sovereignty.

In addition, when people see the state as vulnerable, they may be tempted to take matters into their own hands rather than relying on established institutions and processes. This can lead to chaos, vigilantism, and further deterioration of law and order.

Furthermore, a tarnished image hampers diplomatic relationships with other nations. It becomes difficult for a country embroiled in controversies or seen as incapable of managing internal affairs to gain respect on international platforms.

To maintain stability within society and project strength externally, it is crucial for the state’s image to remain untainted. Upholding transparency, accountability, impartiality are key factors in preventing any perception of susceptibility or vulnerability.

By safeguarding its reputation through responsible governance practices and effective communication strategies,the state can regain public trust,reinforce national pride,and restore faith in its abilities

Encourages mob justice

Encourages mob justice: When individuals take the law into their own hands, chaos ensues. The concept of mob justice is a terrifying one, as it undermines the fundamental principles of a functioning society. It allows emotions to overpower reason and collective action to replace due process.

In situations where people feel their grievances are not being addressed by the state, they may resort to forming mobs and seeking vigilante justice. This vigilantism can lead to violent confrontations, resulting in further harm and injustice.

Mob justice often arises when there is a perceived lack of trust in the judicial system or when individuals believe that taking matters into their own hands will yield swifter results. However, this approach only perpetuates a cycle of violence and breeds anarchy.

Moreover, mob justice erodes public confidence in institutions meant to uphold the rule of law. When people witness others bypassing legal processes without consequences, faith in the judiciary diminishes rapidly. This loss of trust weakens our social fabric and hinders progress towards a just society.

It is essential for us as responsible citizens to recognize that encouraging mob justice ultimately leads us down a treacherous path. Instead, we must channel our grievances through peaceful means such as engaging with elected representatives or participating in lawful protests.

By adhering to established systems and working together within frameworks set by our democratic institutions, we can ensure that grievances are heard and addressed appropriately – without resorting to chaotic mob mentality.

Let’s strive for a society built on respect for the rule of law rather than succumbing to impulses that encourage dangerous acts carried out by angry mobs!

Undermines rule of law

When individuals take it upon themselves to challenge the authority and decisions of the state, they not only risk their own freedom but also undermine the very foundation of the rule of law. The rule of law is a fundamental principle that ensures equality, fairness, and justice in society.

By engaging in activities such as protests or sit-ins without following proper legal procedures, individuals are essentially bypassing established channels for addressing grievances. This undermines the rule of law because it suggests that personal opinions and demands supersede the collective decision-making processes set by democratic institutions.

Moreover, when people resort to acts of civil disobedience or disregard court orders, they send a message that they do not respect or recognize the authority of legal institutions. This erodes public trust in these institutions and weakens their ability to enforce laws effectively.

The consequences go beyond just challenging specific policies or decisions; undermining the rule of law can have far-reaching implications for societal harmony and stability. When individuals take matters into their own hands outside established legal frameworks, it opens doors for chaos and anarchy.

Additionally, this erosion weakens accountability mechanisms that hold those in power responsible for their actions. By circumventing due process and taking matters into their own hands, individuals inadvertently weaken checks on executive power and give rise to potential abuse.

Undermining the rule of law sets a dangerous precedent where anyone can claim exemption from laws based on personal beliefs or desires. It diminishes social cohesion by promoting subjective interpretations over objective legal standards.

To maintain a functioning society built on principles like equality before the law and protection against arbitrary exercise of power requires adherence to established legal processes – even when one disagrees with them. It is through constructive engagement within existing systems that change can be achieved while upholding foundational principles like democracy and justice

How “Dharna’ Falls outside the Ambit of Freedom of Speech

Defeats the purpose of freedom of speech

Freedom of speech is a fundamental right that allows individuals to express their opinions, thoughts, and ideas without fear of censorship or retaliation. It is a cornerstone of democratic societies and plays a vital role in fostering open dialogue, promoting diversity, and challenging authority when necessary.

However, when this freedom is misused or abused through hate speech or incitement to violence, it defeats its very purpose. While free expression should encourage healthy debate and the exchange of ideas, it should never be used to spread hatred, discrimination, or harm.

When individuals use their right to freedom of speech irresponsibly by engaging in hate speech or promoting violence against others based on race, religion, gender identity, or any other protected characteristic, they not only undermine the values that underpin free expression but also contribute to social division and unrest.

Such misuse harms targeted communities and erodes public trust in institutions responsible for upholding the rule of law. It creates an environment where people feel unsafe expressing themselves freely due to fears of reprisal from those who would exploit this right for harmful purposes.

Moreover, hate speech can perpetuate stereotypes, stigmatization, and marginalization leading to real-life consequences like verbal abuse, discrimination, and even physical violence.

Thus, it becomes imperative that society distinguishes between genuine exercise, freedom with responsibility, and malicious intent masked as “free expression.”

For true freedom of speech to thrive within society, self-regulation, balanced legislation, critical thinking skills, and media literacy are essential.

As citizens, we must ensure we do not allow our voices to become instruments that spew hatred but tools that amplify constructive dialogue, nurture empathy, respect differing viewpoints, promote understanding, and foster positive change.

Freedom has always come with responsibilities. It’s high time we embrace them!

Hate Speech not free expression

Hate speech, often disguised as the exercise of freedom of expression, has become a pressing issue in today’s society. Understanding that hate speech is not synonymous with free expression is crucial. While individuals should have the right to voice their opinions and engage in open dialogue, it becomes problematic when these expressions target specific groups based on race, religion, gender, or other protected characteristics.

Hate speech goes beyond mere disagreement or criticism; it perpetuates discrimination, spreads prejudice and incites violence. It creates an environment that fosters division and hatred among communities. By targeting marginalized groups and promoting discriminatory ideologies, hate speech undermines social cohesion and erodes trust within society.

Furthermore, allowing hate speech under the guise of free expression can have severe consequences for the well-being of individuals and communities. It can increase hostility, anxiety, and physical harm toward targeted groups. The impact of hate speech extends far beyond words; it has tangible effects on people’s lives.

It is important to recognize that freedom of speech comes with responsibilities. Society must draw a line between protecting individual rights to express opinions while safeguarding against harmful rhetoric that infringes upon the dignity and safety of others. Balancing these principles requires thoughtful consideration and clear boundaries.

While freedom of speech is a fundamental pillar in any democratic society, it is essential to differentiate between legitimate expressions of opinion from hate-filled discourse that incites violence or promotes discrimination.

Hate speech should never be justified under the umbrella term “free expression.” Upholding respect for all individuals without compromising basic human rights remains paramount if we are truly committed to fostering inclusive societies where everyone feels valued and safe

Ways for Actual Freedom of Speech to Reinforce Writ of the State

In order for freedom of speech to truly reinforce the writ of the state, certain measures must be taken. It is crucial for individuals exercising their right to free speech to do so responsibly and respectfully. This means refraining from spreading hate speech or inciting violence, as these actions undermine the rule of law and contribute to a toxic environment.

Additionally, there needs to be a strong emphasis on promoting constructive dialogue and open debate within society. Encouraging people from diverse backgrounds and perspectives to engage in meaningful conversations fosters mutual understanding and helps build a stronger social fabric.

Furthermore, it is essential for the state to prioritize transparency and accountability in its governance. By ensuring that information flows freely between the government and its citizens, trust can be built, and public confidence in institutions can be restored.

Education also plays a vital role in reinforcing both freedom of speech and the state’s writ. By equipping individuals with critical thinking skills and an understanding of their rights and responsibilities as citizens, they are better equipped to participate actively in democratic processes without jeopardizing stability.

Fostering an inclusive society where marginalized voices are heard is fundamental for upholding true freedom of speech while reinforcing the writ of the state. Creating platforms that amplify underrepresented perspectives ensures everyone has an equal opportunity to express themselves without fear or discrimination.

By implementing these strategies collectively, we can balance safeguarding individual liberties through freedom of speech while fortifying our societal structure by strengthening respect for authority – ultimately reinforcing the writ of our state.


In a democratic society, freedom of speech holds immense importance. It allows individuals to express their opinions and ideas without fear of censorship or punishment. However, it is essential to understand that this freedom comes with certain responsibilities.

The phenomenon of ‘dharna’ against the state raises crucial questions about the writ of the state and its ability to govern effectively. By shirking obligations and paralyzing the state machinery, such actions undermine the executive and erode public confidence in institutions like the judiciary.

Moreover, ‘dharna’ infringes upon other fundamental rights and can lead to calls for mutiny, vigilantism, and even assassination. It imitates policy framers, lawmakers, and opinion leaders without any accountability or due process. This taints the image of the state itself, making it appear susceptible and vulnerable.

While freedom of speech is vital for a thriving democracy, hate speech cannot be equated with free expression. The deliberate spread of hatred undermines social harmony and fuels division within society. It goes against the very purpose of fostering an environment where diverse voices can be heard respectfully.

To reinforce the state’s writ while preserving freedom of speech as a cherished right. Several measures must be taken:

1. Strengthening institutions: Upholding institutional independence through proper checks and balances enhances their credibility in society.

2. Education: Promoting civic education that instills respect for democratic values can help citizens better understand their rights and responsibilities.

3.Public awareness campaigns: Educating people about the responsible use of free speech fosters a culture where individuals exercise their rights responsibly.

4.Legal framework: Implementing robust laws defining hate speech while safeguarding legitimate expressions enables appropriate action against offenders.

5.Accountability: Holding those who misuse freedom of speech accountable ensures responsible behavior among citizens.

In conclusion, freedom 0f speech should never come at the cost of undermining the rule of law and the state’s ability to govern. It is only by respecting the writ of the

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